Forms of Cannabis


Today, there are multiple consumption methods available for medicating with cannabis. The form of cannabis you use may change with your symptoms and medical needs.

The activation time, effect, and duration all vary with different consumption methods. Be mindful of what delivery method works best in which scenario. This will help maximize the therapeutic benefits from whatever form of cannabis you choose to consume. Making sure you use the proper form and dosage of cannabis will ensure a comfortable, positive experience.

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Best for: Anyone who needs immediate relief.

How it works: Medical cannabis flower is the time-proven favorite of many patients. When you inhale flower, either through a handheld or desktop vaporizer, cannabinoids enter your blood stream directly through your lungs.

Vaping cannabis is a smokeless form of inhalation - the cannabis is heated, not burned. The lack of tar or byproducts of combustion in cannabis vapor means it typically doesn’t irritate the lungs.

Activation time: Within seconds of inhalation

How long the effects last: Approximately one to three hours

You should know: Vaping flower also gives you full control over the strain and cannabinoid content. You can monitor your high easily and effectively manage your dosing strategy.

*Smoking is not an approved method of consumption in Ohio.



Best for: People who want a sustained sense of relief and don’t mind waiting for it; people who don’t like inhaling vapor.

How it works: You ingest medical cannabis through capsules, gelatin chews, and other foodstuffs.

Activation time: Anywhere from 30 minutes to two hours, depending on what type of edible you eat and how your body metabolizes medical cannabis

How long the effects last: Anywhere from one hour up to six hours

You should know: The onset is much longer than other methods, but the effects are much stronger. Experimentation is key with edibles because there is a huge range in effect and activation time. Edibles that are absorbed by your mouth, like a mint, will have a different impact than ones you digest. Start slow with a low dose, before you opt for a higher THC content.



Best for: Those who need immediate relief from serious conditions.

How it works: Consuming concentrates refers to heating a minimal amount of medical cannabis concentrate using an approved vaporization device. Concentrates are available in solid or liquid form for vaporization in Ohio.

Activation time: Immediately after inhalation



Best for: Those new to medical cannabis, or who want to experience the benefits without exposure to irritants.

How it works: You ingest the medical cannabis by mouth, by placing the tincture under your tongue.

Activation time: 15 to 30 minutes (a bit slower than vaping)

How long effects last: Similar to vaping (up to three hours).

You should know: Consuming tinctures through your mouth increases the bioavailability of cannabinoids. Essentially, you experience a quick and highly effective treatment. The lack of equipment for consuming tinctures can be appealing to new medical cannabis patients.



Best for: Those who need localized relief of chronic pain and inflammation.

How it works: Medical cannabis-infused balms or transdermal patches are applied directly to the skin.

Activation time: Anywhere from five minutes to two hours

How long effects last: The duration depends on the medium. A balm can last for around an hour, whereas a transdermal patch can provide up to 12 hours of relief with continued release.

You should know: Whether you use a cream, salve, or a transdermal patch, you can get relief with little to no psychoactive effects. Topicals are a perfect solution for people who don’t want to get experience a psychoactive effect from the medicinal properties of medical cannabis. Benefits of using topical forms of medical cannabis include continued release, convenience and systemic relief.